I will briefly look at key challenges that students face when learning to speak English fluently throughout this article. If learners are prepared to overcome these, they are far more likely to sound fluent, making the learning process feel more natural, enjoyable and ultimately, effective.
Love to learn
It goes without saying that most English learners would like to speak English well. The idea of being able to communicate in English fluently is exciting and indeed, motivating. However, learners need to embrace the learning process itself, and that includes accepting the difficulties. To be as successful as possible, learners need to enjoy learning. This approach helps an individual to access more opportunities at a professional, academic and personal level, enabling the learner to function in a variety of activities that they would normally do when using their first language.
"“Students need to immerse themselves in situations where they clearly understand and recognise what they are learning, practice it, and then use it when the relevant opportunities arise."
Good examples would be Job interviews, social events, Cambridge and IELTS speaking tests. Many of the words, phrases and structures that students encounter are not always from a course book. It is often the case that they hear chunks of language in a real world scenario which they can contextualize quite easily, which in turn facilitates the learning process with more technical examination at school or during study. Immersion learning overseas presents the willing learner with more real world language than in their native countries, which allows them to study, practice and then reuse it regularly in that location. Using the following, learners can then fine tune many aspects of their speaking.
• Learning/checking new words from a dictionary for meaning, pronunciation and contextual use
• Reading/writing English sentences and thinking about their structure and aspect (tense)
• Practicing the pronunciation of English sounds and words
• Identifying the varying opaque nature of some phrasal verbs and idioms by trying to contextualize or if in doubt, checking.
• Last but not least, using the language in free practice or ideally, real world situations.